The Library houses a Map Collection that documents the early development of South Carolina, the Waxhaws, and Lancaster and Lancaster County. Most are reproductions or copies of originals.
A map bin in the Caroliniana Room holds several maps for easy access for patrons. These include copies of city and county highway maps, the Mills' Map of Lancaster District, and the Lancaster County topographical series.
A map cabinet in the Main Library houses a wide variety of maps. These include city, county, topographical, and state maps. Visitors may request materials at the Front Desk.